Minor Orders

by Shawn Tribe, founding editor of The New Liturgical Movement.


I’ve often been struck by the wisdom of a seminary path whereby a young man would pass through particular ‘rites of passage’ if you will, along the way to Holy Orders. For those who aren’t familiar with this, until 1972 when this was changed, there were four minor orders (Porter, Lector, Exorcist, Acolyte) followed by the three major orders (Subdeacon, Deacon, Priest). As a seminarian went through his seminary training, he received these ‘preparatory offices.’

The steps for Minor and Major orders.  Notice that the figure to the far left stands outside the door!

The steps for Minor and Major orders. Notice that the figure to the far left stands outside the door!

The initial part of this, and the introduction into the ‘clerical state’, would see new seminarians move from the state of wearing lay clothes to receiving the tonsure and being vested with the cassock. (This is what is pictured above).


The reason I speak of this as being “wise” is for a couple of simple reasons. We look at the liturgical year in terms of the sanctification of time. It seems to me that in that seven year journey to the priesthood, the reception of these minor orders, and eventually the major orders, can be a kind of means for sanctifying the time of seminary formation and the journey to the Catholic priesthood in a way analogous to how the liturgical year sanctifies the days and months of the year and focused the mind upon the mysteries of our salvation — particularly so if these are dispensed throughout one’s years in the seminary as is typically done in today’s classical rite seminaries to the best of my knowledge.

From a spiritual perspective, having such spread out through one’s time in seminary (which wasn’t always the case as some of our commenters have noted, but which certainly seems more the case in classical rite seminaries now) would certainly be very helpful in keeping one’s mind and heart focused upon the precise journey one is undertaking and discerning. It further can help emphasize the clerical state and further distinguish seminary formation from simple lay education.

As well, simply from a human, even psychological, perspective it seems that people naturally crave after and need milestones and rites of passage. These things help to keep them focused from that perspective and give one a sense of progress and purpose. In the case of the seminary, as the years go by, the steps toward Holy Orders become clearly delineated.

It seems to me this would not only help in the process of discernment, but it would also help encourage and keep seminarians on that path by means of the sense of focused progress lent to it by reception of those preparatory offices.

This path of the minor and major orders is of course retained in seminaries of the classical Roman rite today, but I should like to hope that at some point, whether our present pontiff or a future one, might look to restore this for all of the Roman rite.

Comment from the poster:  On a February 23rd, 2009, I had a late afternoon phone conversation with the rector of Our Lady of Guadalupe Seminary, Father Josef Bisig, FSSP.  Father Bisig feels that legislation might be forthcoming from the Vatican on this issue.   

FSSP Diaconate & Subdiaconate Ordination


On Saturday March 1, 2008 a.D. at Saint Francis of Assisi Roman Catholic Church in Lincoln, Nebraska His Excellency Bishop Alvaro Corrada, SJ of the Diocese of Tyler, Texas will ordain 3 seminarians to the Diaconate and 1 to the subdiaconate for the Priestly Fraternity of Saint Peter.  The Priestly Fraternity of Saint Peter is a Society of Apostolic Life of Pontifical Right founded with the approval of His Holiness Pope John Paul II in 1988, for the formation and sanctification of priests in the framework of the extraordinary form of the Roman Rite and their pastoral deployment in the service of the Church.  The Mass will commence at 10 am if you have any questions, please contact Our Lady of Guadalupe Seminary (402) 797-7700

Please pray for those to be ordained.

Deacons to be:

Antony Sumich (New Zealand)

Michael Stinson (Round Rock, Texas)

Matthew Goddard (England)

Subdeacon to be:

Marko Rehak (Australia)